Scoliosis curvature pattern
In addition, scoliosis can be assigned to its main curvature in the spine according to the middle (or the apex). With thoracic scoliosis , the curvature lies in the area of the thoracic spine (BWS). Thoraco-lumbar scoliosis has its strongest lateral deflection where the thoracic to the lumbar spine (LWS). A spinal curvature in the lumbar region is called lumbar scoliosis . In some cases, sufferers suffer from an BWS and at the same time an LWS scoliosis. A curvature pattern is formed, which – when you look at the patient’s back from behind – is reminiscent of the letter “S” (double-arched). If the spine is completely bent to one side, doctors speak of a C-shaped scoliosis. If the spine bends alternately to the right and left in all sections (BWS, LWS and their transition), a double S spine is created, also called triple scoliosis.
Degree of scoliosis curvature
Scoliosis can also be classified depending on how badly the spine is curved: mild scoliosis: angle up to 40 degrees (1st degree scoliosis) moderate scoliosis: angle between 40 and 60 degrees (2nd degree scoliosis) severe scoliosis: angle from 61 to 80 degrees (3rd degree scoliosis) very severe scoliosis: angle over 80 degrees (4th degree scoliosis)
Frequency of scoliosis:
The number of times the disease occurs About two to five percent of the population suffer from idiopathic scoliosis. According to a study by the Maimonides Medical Center (USA), the incidence in old age (60 to 90 years) can increase up to 68 percent. The greater the curvature of the spine and the higher the age, the more often women or girls are affected. Slight scoliosis can be found in boys in particular. More pronounced scoliosis, with a Cobb angle of over twenty degrees, is found about seven times more often in women than in men.
In many cases, scoliosis is a purely cosmetic problem. However, the longer she remains untreated, the more likely pain will occur in the course of the disease. Because how pronounced the symptoms always depends on how advanced the curvature is. The cosmetic scoliosis symptoms that can be seen with the naked eye include, among others shoulders of different heights crooked or outstanding pelvis on one side head tilted
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